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Basic Introduction to Evidence-Based Practice Resources: Home

What is Evidence-Based Practice?


Evidence-Based Medicine is the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. The practice of evidence based medicine means integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research.
Sackett DL, Rosenberg WMC, Gray JAM, Haynes RB, Richardson WS. Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn't. BMJ. 1996 Jan 13; 312 (7023): 71-2.

Evidence-Based Nursing - A way of providing nursing care that is guided by the integration of the best available scientific knowledge with nursing expertise. This approach requires nurses to critically assess relevant scientific data or research evidence, and to implement high-quality interventions for their nursing practice. (NLM PubMed MeSH)

American Nurses Association. Research Toolkit.  Introduction to research and evidence-based practice.  Provides access to numerous resources to translate evidence into practice and to support nurse researchers. 

Evidence-Based Medicine Glossary from the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Melnyk BM, Fineout-Overholt E,et al. Evidence-based practice: step-by-step. 12 article series in American Journal of Nursing which overviews EBP for nurses.

User Guides to Evidence-Based Practice, developed by McMaster University's Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group, are disseminated on the Internet by the Canadian Centre for Health Evidence.

Types of Evidence-Based Practice Resources

This pyramid depicts one viewpoint of information resources providing various levels of evidence.  As one progresses up the pyramid, the strength of the evidence in the content generally increases.


This help guide presents some resources from different categories of level of evidence:

Research Articles


Summaries & Abstracts

Metasearch Engines

Systematic Reviews & Meta-Analyses

Nursing Liaison

Joanne Rich
University of Washington
Health Sciences Library
Box 357155
Seattle, WA 98195-7155
Health Sciences Library
1959 NE Pacific Street
T334 Health Sciences Building
Box 357155, Seattle, WA 98195-7155 USA
phone: 206-543-3390